LiveDiverse Vietnam

... LiveDiverse concentrates on the interface of livelihood and biodiversity, and as such it will produce knowledge that will contribute to improving and assessing value-based strategies to promote sustainable livelihoods and lifestyles. It will also contribute to understanding of how the vulnerability of livelihoods can be reduced, especially in rural marginal areas, while at the same time conserving and husbanding biodiversity.
LiveDiverse Vietnam is under Work Package 5 (WP-5) of LiveDiverse Project. Its main objective is ecological vulnerability and GIS mapping. WP-5 will build upon and cooperate closely with WP-2, and though its role as GIS manager, closely with WP-5, WP-6 and WP-7.

Main concepts of the Work Package 5
1. Ecological Vulnerabilty:

The ecological vulnerability can be defined as the potential of the natural system to respond adversely to events, which may consist of natural hazards or anthropogenic pressures. Ecological vulnerability is the local result of a synergy of natural and human factors and should be taken into consideration in the management plans.

The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI), developed by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), provides a rapid and standardized method to measure the environmental vulnerability of a country. EVI is a single indicator that has been designed to reflect the extent to which the natural environment of a country is prone to damage and degradation. EVI is built on the bases of 50 environmental vulnerability indicators, related to weather & climate, geology, geography, resources & services and human populations, and desiged for use at the national scale. Among 50 indicators, 32 are indicators of hazards, 8 of resistance and 10 measure damage.

2. GIS Mapping

Having conducted the analyses of areas considered vulnerable in terms of natural science, socio-economics, law and policy and public perceptions, maps will then be constructed in each case study and incorporated into a GIS system. The aim of these maps will be to identify biodiversity “hot spot”, that is, places where there is a high risk (according to natural science criteria), and a low capability (according to the socio-economic, law and policy criteria). The cultural perspective data will then be superimposed to examine similaries and differences. The use of GIS to map vulnerability is not new, but very attempts have been made to integrate different perspectives (bio-physical, socio-economic) in this way.

WP-5's tasks (click for details...)
  • Task 5.1: Categorisation and analyses of existing indicators and scales for biodiversity, ecological vulnerability and environmental change at local, regional and global levels.
  • Task 5.2: Refinement of the set of 50 indicators used in the Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) to create the most appropriate ones to be used for the studies in the case areas and identification of the main determinants of ecological vulnerability at various levels in the study sites.
  • Task 5.3: Based on the previous analysis identify the factors contributing the most to the EVI in the case areas, and propose a method for a more detailed spatial analysis.
  • Task 5.4: Construction, management and facilitation of the GIS database with information on ecological, socio-economic and cultural-spiritual vulnerability.
Expected Outputs

Categorised, refined and analyzed indicators.
Factors contribute the most to the EVI and method for a more detailed spacial analysis.
GIS database with information on ecological, socio-economic and cultural-spiritual vulnerability.

Milestones

M5.1: Refinement of the set of 50 indicators used in the EVI and identification of the main determinants of ecological vulnerability at the various levels in the study sites (04) (Month 12). Report published on project website.

M5.2: GIS database with information on ecological, socio-economic and cultural-spiritual vulnerability (Month 6 – 27). Report published on project website.

Deliverables

D5.1: GIS database with information on ecological, socio-economic and cultural-spiritual vulnerability (Month 6 – 27). Report published on project website.